Millennium Development Goals and Targets
Dotnepal presents an analysis of Millennium Development Goals and Targets. Download a file from the given link.
Analysis of MGDs | Download
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) were originally development by the organization of Economic cooperation and Development (OECD) and were highlighted out of the eight chapters of United Nation Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000 by 189 world leaders. There are internationally agreed framework of eight goals, eighteen targets and forty eight technical indicators to measure the progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. These indicators have since been adopted by a consensus of experts from United Nations, IMF, OECD and the World Bank.
Since the Government of Nepal endorsed the Millennium Declaration, Nepal has been committed to achieve the MDGS. As a primary medium- term strategy and implementation for reaching MDGs, the country’s Tenth Plan/Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (2002/03-2006/07) had incorporated the MDGs in to its strategies framework and had highlighted the importance of improving the monitoring mechanism (NPC, 2002/2004). The current interim plan has also incorporated the MDGs in to its strategic framework (The world Bank, 2007).
In this paper, there will be two parts. The first part will be about goals and targets of MDGs and second part will be about Nepal’s progress on MDGs and its challenges to achieve the goals. Only Goal 1(Eradicate Poverty and Hunger) will be discussed because this goal is most important for the developing countries like Nepal where majority of population is suffering from poverty and hunger.
Goals and Targets
There are eight goals, eighteen targets and forty eight indicators of MDGs. The goals and targets of MDGs are as follows (www.mgds.com).
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
Target 1: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day.
Target 2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Goal 2: Achieve universal Primary Education.
Target 3: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling.
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women.
Target 4:Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.
Goal 4: Reduce child Mortality
Target 5: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the underfive mortality rate.
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health.
Target 6: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
Target 7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
Target 8: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse.
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability.
Target 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources.
Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.
Target 11: Have achieved by 2020 a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development.
Target 12: Develop further an open, rule based and predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system (includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction nationally and internationally).
Target 13: Address the special needs of the least Developed countries (Includes tariff-and quota free access for Least Developed Countries, and exports, enhanced programme of debt relief for heavely indebted countries and cancellation of official bilateral debt, and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction).
Target 14: Address the special needs of Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (through the programme of Action for sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and 22nd General Assembly provisions).
Target 15: Deal comprehensively with the debt problem of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term.
Target 16: In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
Target 17: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis (WHO)
Target 18: In cooperation with private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, specially information and communications technologies.